The type of alcohol one consumes can have varying effects on a person's body and behavior. While all types of alcohol contain the same active ingredient, ethanol, the other components in different alcoholic beverages can have an impact on how the body processes and reacts to the alcohol.
According to Drug Patent Watch , alcohol is a clear, colorless liquid that is used as a solvent, antiseptic, and fuel. It is commonly consumed in the form of beer, wine, and distilled spirits. Ethanol is the active ingredient in all types of alcoholic beverages, and it is the amount of ethanol consumed that determines the level of intoxication.
However, the other components in different alcoholic beverages can affect how the body processes the ethanol. The Conversation  explains that beer contains a lower percentage of alcohol by volume (ABV) than wine or spirits, but it is often consumed in larger quantities. This can lead to a slower rise in blood alcohol concentration (BAC) but a longer period of intoxication.
Wine, on the other hand, has a higher ABV than beer but is still consumed in moderate quantities. The tannins in wine can slow down the absorption of alcohol into the bloodstream, leading to a slower rise in BAC but a longer period of intoxication.
Distilled spirits, such as whiskey, vodka, and gin, have a higher ABV than beer or wine and are often consumed in smaller quantities. The higher ABV can lead to a faster rise in BAC and a shorter period of intoxication.
Additionally, the mixers used in cocktails can also affect how the body processes alcohol. Business Insider  explains that sugary mixers can lead to a faster rise in BAC, while carbonated mixers can increase the absorption of alcohol into the bloodstream.
In conclusion, the type of alcohol one consumes can have varying effects on the body and behavior. While all types of alcohol contain the same active ingredient, the other components in different alcoholic beverages can affect how the body processes and reacts to the alcohol. Factors such as ABV, quantity consumed, and mixers used can all play a role in the level and duration of intoxication.