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What are the side effects of taking ibuprofen?

Ibuprofen is a commonly used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is widely available over-the-counter and by prescription. While it is generally considered safe and effective for managing pain, inflammation, and fever, it is important to be aware of potential side effects.

According to the National Health Service (NHS), common side effects of ibuprofen include indigestion, heartburn, and stomach ulcers. These gastrointestinal effects can be minimized by taking the medication with food or milk. Other possible side effects listed by the NHS include headaches, dizziness, and allergic reactions such as skin rashes or swelling of the face, lips, or tongue. It is important to seek medical attention if any severe allergic reactions occur.

The Australian Drug Foundation (ADF) highlights additional side effects of ibuprofen, including potential damage to the stomach lining, which can lead to bleeding or perforation. The ADF also notes that prolonged use of ibuprofen can increase the risk of cardiovascular events such as heart attack or stroke. This risk may be higher in individuals with pre-existing heart conditions or those taking high doses of the medication.

It is important to note that the information provided by the NHS and ADF are general guidelines, and individual experiences with ibuprofen may vary. The severity and likelihood of side effects can depend on factors such as the dosage, duration of use, and individual health conditions.

It is recommended to consult a healthcare professional or pharmacist before taking ibuprofen, especially if you have any pre-existing medical conditions or are taking other medications. They can provide personalized advice and guidance on the appropriate use of ibuprofen and help monitor for any potential side effects.

In conclusion, while ibuprofen is generally considered safe and effective, it is important to be aware of potential side effects. These can include gastrointestinal issues, allergic reactions, and in rare cases, more serious complications such as stomach ulcers or cardiovascular events. It is always advisable to consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice and to ensure safe and appropriate use of ibuprofen.

[1] "Ibuprofen - Side effects of ibuprofen" - NHS -
[2] "Ibuprofen" - Australian Drug Foundation -
[3] "Ibuprofen" - Drug Patent Watch -

Follow-up:   How long do ibuprofen side effects typically last? Can ibuprofen cause any allergic reactions or skin rashes? Are there any potential interactions between ibuprofen and other medications?

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